Neurology and medicine specialist of LabAid Hospital Dr. talked to us in detail about migraine. Mansoor Ali.
It is probably rare to find a person who has never had a headache in their life. Many people often suffer from headaches. Sometimes the left side of the head or the back of the head can hurt. A major cause of headache is migraine. But this is no ordinary headache.
What is a migraine?
A migraine is a moderate to severe pain with throbbing on one side of the head. Sometimes this pain starts on one side of the head and gradually spreads over the entire area on that side. Migraine problems can sometimes be accompanied by visual hallucinations or nausea.
Before a migraine occurs, the body gives us some warning signs, one of which is a sudden flash of light in the eyes. However, in most cases, migraines have no prior symptoms. This type of migraine is more common.
There is another type of migraine, which is called silent migraine. This type of migraine has no headache, even if it has previous symptoms.
The main symptom of migraine is moderate to severe pain on one side of the head. Sometimes the intensity of pain is so high that nausea can also occur.
Many people have other symptoms in addition to these symptoms. Such as sweating, lack of concentration, feeling too hot or too cold, stomach ache or diarrhoea. If you see these symptoms in yourself or if you think you have any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor without delay.
Why do migraines occur?
The exact cause of migraine is still unknown. However, certain factors are considered to be one of the causes of migraine. For example-
Abnormal brain activity
When the nervous system, body chemicals and blood vessels are affected, this type of severe pain is felt on one side of the head. Abnormal brain activity is thought to be a major cause of migraines.
According to doctors, women suffer from migraines more often during the menstrual cycle. Emotions or other factors also play a role in migraines. For example: stress, worry, anxiety, sudden injury etc.
Migraine can also occur due to various physical reasons. For example: lack of sleep or not sleeping at night, sudden overwork etc.
Migraines can also be triggered by environmental factors. If you suddenly go from hot to cold or from cold to hot environment, you may have a sudden onset of migraines
Our diet also plays a role in migraines. Irregularity in food, suffering from dehydration, drinking alcohol, drinking too much tea or coffee play a big role in migraine.
In short, there is no such treatment for migraine. However, a controlled diet and lifestyle as advised by the doctor helps to avoid migraines to a great extent.
- Try to sleep at the same time every day
- At least 7 to 8 hours of moderate sleep should be daily
- Do not work in too much light or too little light
- Avoid going out in severe cold or excessive sun
- Areas full of words or extra results should be avoided
- Do not stay in front of the mobile phone
- Even then, when the migraine pain starts, immediately drink plenty of water and wrap a cold cloth over the head.
When to see a doctor
- If you have frequent or severe headaches, you should see a doctor
- If there is nausea with severe headache
- If you suffer from migraine pain more than 5 times in 1 month
- If any part of the face or hand becomes paralyzed or if you feel physically weak, then you must consult a doctor.
- If speech is unclear or slurred while speaking, a doctor must be consulted
- Apart from this, if there is severe fever along with the headache, the sudden onset of severe headache should also be consulted by a doctor.
Avoid taking high-dose painkillers if you have migraines. No painkillers should be taken without a doctor’s advice. While this provides temporary relief, it gradually makes migraines more difficult to treat over time. So, if you have migraine, you must take the treatment with the doctor’s advice.